What are the Dead Sea Scrolls? The Dead Sea Scrolls are a collection of over 800 manuscripts found in 11 caves that date from 250BC to 68 AD. They are an extremely important find because until their discovery, we had no Aramaic manuscripts from pre-medieval Judaism and only one Hebrew one, the Nash papyrus from Egypt. Additionally, all modern printed editions of the … [Read more...]
Dead Sea Scrolls
The Dead Sea Scrolls are a collection of manuscripts found within caves near the shore of the Dead Sea in the 1940s and 1950s. They offer insights into the diverse theologies of Judaism that were popular during the Second Temple period and date between 400 BCE and 300 CE. Of the manuscripts found, about 40% are copies of canonical texts found in the Hebrew Bible. Another 30% were known documents not officially canonized. The remainder of the scrolls shed light on the religious and sectarian beliefs of the community. Read articles about the Dead Sea Scrolls below.
Contents Background of the Book of Enoch Findings at Qumran The Astronomical Book The Book of the Watchers Sin of the Angels Cause of Sin Entering the World Enoch as Intermediary Angels' Punishment Background of the Book of Enoch The Book of Enoch, ascribed to Enoch, is a non-canonical text used by various Jewish sects including the Dead Sea Scrolls community … [Read more...]
The War Scroll (1QM), found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, provides a vivid, detailed description of the escalating battle between good and evil, which will eventually climax with good overcoming evil. Such language is rarely found in the Hebrew Bible - with the possible exception being Daniel 10:20-21's description of the struggle between Michael and Gabriel against the princes … [Read more...]
The Community Rule (1QS) is an ethical treatise intended for the Dead Sea Scrolls sect's teachers that offers instruction on the rules the community should follow such as liturgical ceremonies, organization and discipline structures, a penal code, and an outline of religious duties of the Master and his disciples. Scholars date the text's origin to around 100BCE, making it one … [Read more...]