The Jinn are spirits that were created by God out of fire, and are roughly equivalent to the daimones or daimonia of Greco-Roman mythology. The jinn spirits were said to inhabit caves, graveyards, darkness, and the underground, and could consort with deities in pre-Islamic traditions. In Islamic traditions, the jinn are lower beings than humans and angels, and were made to … [Read more...]
List of Demons from the Middle East and Asia
Many of what are considered "evil spirits" within Middle Eastern & Asian culture - and especially in Hinduism - are known as such because Christianity adapted their gods/goddesses as foes to their true God. This is a common thread throughout history - one culture adopts another's deities as adversaries of their gods/goddesses. In this regard, "evil" is relative. That's not to say that many of these supernatural beings don't have destructive sides - but whether it is fair to classify them as "demons" is debatable.
Note: Hindu deities like Kali and Bhairava (for instance) are included because they were listed in a historical compilation of demons by Collin De Plancy. I tried to be fair and include descriptions from the Puranas to balance what de Plancy said, but I can't change the fact that he included them in his list. If you're still offended, you can read my response to angry emails I've received concerning this. You can also visit the Demon FAQ for more info on my philosophy behind the classifications.
Chiang-shih (or kiang shi)
Izanagi and Izanami were the two young gods chosen to bring order to the world of chaos in Japanese mythology. Izanagi was a tall and as strong as a willow sapling, while Izanami, his consort, was delicate in manner and speech, and as beautiful as the air that filled the High Plain of Heaven. The Lord of Heaven then gave Izanagi his legendary spear, Amanonuboko. Izanagi … [Read more...]
In the Qur'an, the Devil has 2 names. Iblis, probably derived from the Greek diabolos and used always in the singular and as a personal name, usually in the context of his fall from grace. Some scholars have argued that Shaytan, his other name which is Arabic and possibly derived from the roots 'to be far from' or 'born with anger,' may have been acquired as a result of his … [Read more...]
[box]Disclaimer In response to numerous emails, I personally wouldn't classify Garuda as a 'demon.' However, demonologist Collin de Plancy, who I cover extensively on this site, did back in his day. I tried to be fair and include descriptions from Hindu literature to balance what he wrote, but I can't change the fact that he included Garuda in his list. If you're still … [Read more...]
[box]Disclaimer In response to numerous emails, I personally wouldn't classify Ganga as a 'demon.' However, demonologist Collin de Plancy, who I cover extensively on this site, did back in his day. I tried to be fair and include descriptions from the Puranas/other Hindu literature to balance what he wrote, but I can't change the fact that he included Ganga in his list. If … [Read more...]