The tzitzimime ("Monsters descending from above") were celestial demons in Aztec mythology that continuously threaten to destroy the world. They are said to be the stars that battle the sun each dusk and dawn. One story from the Histoyre du Mechique describes the wraith of the tzitzimime. Mayahuel was the goddess of maguey who lived with her grandmother, a tzitzimime, in … [Read more...]
The Aztecs were a Meso-American society that flourished from the 14-16th centuries around the city-center, Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City) and in the Valley of Mexico. The civilization was defeated and wiped out when Hernán Cortés conquered Tenochtitlan in 1521. Soon after, the Spanish settled around the area and began colonizing Central America. Read articles about the Aztec culture below.
Tlaltecuhtli ("Earth Lord") was a large earth monster in Aztec mythology described as female, who desires flesh and has mouths at her elbows, knees, and other joints. According to the Histoyre du Mechique, Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl agree that they can't continue with their re-creation of the world with her around, so they decide to destroy her. Transforming into two … [Read more...]
Tezcatlipoca ("smoking mirror") represents conflict and change in Aztec mythology. As his name suggests, he is often portrayed with a smoking obsidian mirror at the back of his head and with another replacing one of his feet. Tezcatlipoca is the offspring of the creator couple, who produced four sons: Red Tezcatlipoca, Black Tezcatlipoca, Qeutzalcoatl, and Huitzilopochtli … [Read more...]
In Aztec mythology, Mictlantecuhtli was the skeletal god of death who ruled over Mictlan, the underworld, with his wife, Mictlancihuatl. After the restoration of the sky and earth by Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl, the two gods decide to create people to inhabit the new world. In order to do this, Quetzalcoatl travels to the underworld to retrieve the human bones of the … [Read more...]