Nybbas is an obscure demon mentioned in Collin de Plancy's Dictionnaire Infernal (1863). According to de Plancy, the demon is in the high upper gallery of hell, but is regarded as a buffoon and charlatan. He is said to manage visions and dreams. The accompanying illustration shows a humanoid figure with horns and cloven feet sitting behind a wooden desk. He is dressed in … [Read more...]
Ancient Babylonia was a Semitic society centered in southern Mesopotamia (present day Iraq). The region grew powerful in the 1750s BCE under the rule of Hammurabi. At the heart of the empire lies the city of Babylon, known for its Hanging Gardens and Tower of Babel. Read articles about Babylonian culture below.
Each belief system has a story of how the world was created and human life came to be. In many of these "creation myths," a god or gods shape, manipulative, or in some way interact with a pre-existing darkness or chaos to create order. Within Judeo-Christian beliefs, the first book of the Hebrew Bible, the Book of Genesis, describes not one, but two distinct accounts of how … [Read more...]
While most people tried to prevent demon possession if they could, once a person came under the influence of demons, an exorcism was the only remedy. In ancient times, the local exorcist was both a priest and a doctor. They were the intermediaries between the victims and the divine and had an arsenal of weapons to combat evil spirits. Here are some of the components of a … [Read more...]
With so many types of demons wrecking havoc on human lives, the Babylonians, Assyrians and early Jews concocted numerous ways to deal with their menacing foes. Common ways people protected themselves included carrying around an amulet such as a ring or inscribing various symbols or numbers on tablets or discs. Later Jewish rituals were similar. They would hang aloes or … [Read more...]
Virtually all cultures have believed in good and evil spirits at some point. The belief dates back to Babylonian and Assyrian religions, predating Judaism. There are generally 2 types of evil spirits: Departed human spirits - Spirits of humans that died were thought to haunt the living. These spirits could be friendly or hostile, depending on the nature of their death or … [Read more...]