Ereshkigal, the ruler of the underworld, is the sister of Ishtar/Inanna. One myth is as follows: Ereshkigal was originally a sky goddess who was kidnapped by the dragon, Kur, and taken to the underworld, where she was enthroned as Queen. While there, Nergal, the son of Enlil and originally a sun deity, forced his way through the underworld and threatened to destroy … [Read more...]
The ancient civilization of Sumer, located in Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq), rose to power during the Ubaid and Uruk periods and was known for its advances in writing. Around 1700 BC, Sumerian culture fell under Babylonian rule and was absorbed into the Akkadian population. Read articles about Sumerian culture below.
The Sumerian Descent Myth The Akkadian Descent Myth Inana & Ebih Inana's Rape Ishtar's Attempt to Seduce Gilgamesh Ishtar/Inanna is the sister of Ereshkigal, who rules the dead. In Babylonian tradition, Ishtar, the daughter of Sin and sister of Shamash, was a fertility and storm goddess as well as goddess of love, marriage, spring, and the hunt. She was often invoked … [Read more...]
In Sumerian myth, Anzu was a large bird (eagle or vulture) who lived in the realm of the gods. He was originally a benign creature, but sometime around 2000BC, stories formulated that he rebelled against the gods. The god Enlil had a number of objects that he would bestow some of his power into and which would then become a source of power for the gods (similar to the rings … [Read more...]