In Navajo mythology, skin-walkers, also known as Yenaldooshi, are witches who wear coyote skins and travel at night. They appear naked, wearing only masks and jewelry, and tend to live in caves, storing recognizable human heads on shelves. Yenaldooshi gain power by killing a close relative, sometimes even a sibling. They are known to desecrate sand paintings by urinating, … [Read more...]
American Demons: List of Demons in the Americas
In Native and Meso-American beliefs, "demons" tended to be supernatural deities capable of destruction as well as good. Often, these "evil" entities were the foes of gods/goddesses primarily worshiped or were personifications of acts of nature (e.g. hurricanes, winds, etc) that could wreck havoc on every day life. Read profiles of demons, tricksters and evil spirits within the various Native American, Aztec, Mayan and other Meso-American cultures below. Visit the Demon FAQ for more info on my philosophy behind the classifications.
In Mayan mythology, Vucub Caquix, Seven Macaw, was a large bird that dwelled on the surface of the world after the flood. He was very vain and proclaimed himself the sun and moon, the lord over everything. This was when there was just a trace of early dawn on the face of the earth, there was no sun. But there was one who magnified himself; Seven Macaw is his name. … [Read more...]
The tzitzimime ("Monsters descending from above") were celestial demons in Aztec mythology that continuously threaten to destroy the world. They are said to be the stars that battle the sun each dusk and dawn. One story from the Histoyre du Mechique describes the wraith of the tzitzimime. Mayahuel was the goddess of maguey who lived with her grandmother, a tzitzimime, in … [Read more...]
Tornarsuk (Innuit, Eskimo, Labrador, Artic) aka Tornatik, Torngarsoak, Torngasoak, Tungrangayak, is the ruling spirit higher than the Tornaq (a shaman's familiar). He is depicted as a bear, a tall one-armed man, or a tiny figure. Some descriptions describe him as invisible, that he has a body covered with eyes, or that his is a sea monster. The Tornaq are the familiars of … [Read more...]
Tlaltecuhtli ("Earth Lord") was a large earth monster in Aztec mythology described as female, who desires flesh and has mouths at her elbows, knees, and other joints. According to the Histoyre du Mechique, Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl agree that they can't continue with their re-creation of the world with her around, so they decide to destroy her. Transforming into two … [Read more...]