Abaddon, the “place of destruction” is synonymous with Sheol in Proverbs and Job. In later writings, Abaddon is personified as the king of the abyss who can command an army of locusts to torment men.
List of Judeo-Christian Demon Names
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The extensive classification of Christian demonology we now have started with Jewish folklore about the fall of the angels along with demons like Satan, Belial, Asmodai, and Samael. In Judeo-Christian traditions between the second century BCE to the second century CE, the apocalyptic traditions we know from the Book of Enoch, Baruch, and Ezra began and developed. (Enoch may possibly be dated slightly earlier with its discovery among the Qumran library.)
There was also a huge amount of literature circulating which we now call the New Testament apocrypha as well as Gnostic writings such as those found in the Nag Hammadi Library. Many of these demons come from those non-canonical scriptures. (See How Do We Know About Traditions Outside the Bible.) This section explores the various names for the Christian devil and others in the hierarchy of hell. Visit the Demon FAQ for more info on my philosophy behind the classifications.
According to Collin de Plancy, Adramelech is a high chancellor of hell who tends to Satan’s wardrobe. He was also the god in 2 Kings 19:36-38 to whom the Sepharvites worshiped through human sacrifice.
Asmodeus, also known as Ashmadia, most likely originated from the Persian Aeshma-deva (“demon of wrath”).
Azazel is the chief of the Se’irim, or goat-demons, who haunted the desert and to whom most primitive Semitic tribes offered sacrifices.
Ba’al-zebub, also called Beelzebub or Beelzebul is known as the lord of the flies. The name derives from the Canaanite “‘Baal” meaning “lord.”
Behemoth, a spirit of the desert, possibly derives from the Egyptian for “water buffalo.”
Belial (or Beliaal) is Hebrew for “without value.” He is known as Beliar in Greek.
The name Belphegor is a corruption of the biblical name Baal-Peor, the god of the Moabites.
Two accounts of the fallen angels story – one of Satan and one of the Watchers.