In ancient Persian religion (Zoroastrianism), Ahriman (aka Arimanius or Angra Mainya) stood high in the ranks of the enemies who opposed Ahura Mazda.
List of Demons from the Middle East and Asia
Many of what are considered "evil spirits" within Middle Eastern & Asian culture - and especially in Hinduism - are known as such because Christianity adapted their gods/goddesses as foes to their true God. This is a common thread throughout history - one culture adopts another's deities as adversaries of their gods/goddesses. In this regard, "evil" is relative. That's not to say that many of these supernatural beings don't have destructive sides - but whether it is fair to classify them as "demons" is debatable.
Note: Hindu deities like Kali and Bhairava (for instance) are included because they were listed in a historical compilation of demons by Collin De Plancy. I tried to be fair and include descriptions from the Puranas to balance what de Plancy said, but I can't change the fact that he included them in his list. If you're still offended, you can read my response to angry emails I've received concerning this. You can also visit the Demon FAQ for more info on my philosophy behind the classifications.
Chiang-shih (or kiang shi)
Bhairava is the “terrible” aspect of Shiva. According to the Puranas, it was this aspect that severed Brahman’s fifth head.
Kali is the destructive aspect of the Goddess, Devi, in Hinduism.
The chiang-shih is the Chinese version of the vampire. In Chinese belief, each person has 2 souls, a superior & an inferior soul.
The Daevas were a class of demons in Zoroastrianism that chose to follow Angra Mainya.
In Hindu mythology, the Daityas are giant evil spirits who are known for their opposition to sacrifice to the gods.
Deumus/Deumo is the goddess of the Calicut in Malabar.
The river Ganges, referred to as Ganga, is a sacred river which according to legend, once only flowed across the heavens.
The bird, Garuda, usually serves as a mount for the God Vishnu.