In ancient Persian religion (Zoroastrianism), Ahriman (aka Arimanius or Angra Mainya) stood high in the ranks of the enemies who opposed Ahura Mazda.
Note: Hindu deities like Kali and Bhairava (for instance) are included because they were listed in a historical compilation of demons by Collin De Plancy. I tried to be fair and include descriptions from the Puranas to balance what de Plancy said, but I can’t change the fact that he included them in his list. If you’re still offended, you can read my response to angry emails I’ve received concerning this. Learn more about my philosophy behind the classifications.
Bhairava is the “terrible” aspect of Shiva. According to the Puranas, it was this aspect that severed Brahman’s fifth head.
Kali is the destructive aspect of the Goddess, Devi, in Hinduism.
The chiang-shih is the Chinese version of the vampire. In Chinese belief, each person has 2 souls, a superior & an inferior soul.
The Daevas were a class of demons in Zoroastrianism that chose to follow Angra Mainya.
In Hindu mythology, the Daityas are giant evil spirits who are known for their opposition to sacrifice to the gods.
Deumus/Deumo is the goddess of the Calicut in Malabar.
The river Ganges, referred to as Ganga, is a sacred river which according to legend, once only flowed across the heavens.
The bird, Garuda, usually serves as a mount for the God Vishnu.
In the Qur’an, the Devil has 2 names. Iblis, probably derived from the Greek diabolos and used always in the singular and as a personal name.
Izanagi and Izanami were the two young gods chosen to bring order to the world of chaos in Japanese mythology.
The Jinn are spirits that were created by God out of fire.