Good & Evil

In philosophy and ethics, the terms good & evil refer to polar opposites on a linear scale. Good is considered to be morally right and positive while evil is morally bad and often associated with deliberately causing harm to others. Good and evil are defined through personal judgment, society's laws & culture, and religious doctrine. Browse articles on the subject of good & evil below.

Problem of Evil: Why Bad Things Happen

God the Father (from Altar of Philip the Bold) - Melchior Broederlam, 1399

The Problem of Evil in Christian theology involves addresses what appears to be a logical contradiction. If God is an omnipotent, all-knowing, morally perfect being, why does he allow evil to exist in the world? Presumably, He could prevent evil from existing if He wanted to, so why does He allow bad things to happen?

Perceptions of Evil – What is Evil?

The Riot or Scene of Revolution, or Destruction of Sodome - Honore Daumier

What is evil? Every culture has grappled with defining the term – creating a complex mythology of demons, tricksters and evil spirits in the process. Should evil be used solely for individual or group actions that intentionally cause harm? Or should it also include natural evils like cancer, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions that cause mass destruction. Does evil exist as a fundamental part of the human psyche or is it enforced by supernatural beings like Satan, demons, etc?

Morality: How Do You Decide Right From Wrong?

The Remorse of Nero After the Murder of His Mother - John William Waterhouse

Are moral decisions based on emotion or logic? As it turns out, the answer is both.

Problems in Ethical Monotheism: Why Does Evil Exist?

God the Creator and Angels - Pietro Perugino

Why does an all-powerful, all-knowing God allow bad things to happen to good people? It’s a key problem philosophers and theologians have struggled with for millennia.

Philosophy of Religion: The Nature of God

God of hosts - Viktor Vasnetsov

An article on the characteristics we tend to associate with God.