The Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered between 1947-1956, are a collection of scrolls found within several caves along the shore of the Dead Sea. They contain a wide range of writing dating to the Second Temple period of Judaism and include many copies of canonical and non-canonical Biblical texts from the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). About 30% of the contents were new findings that relate to the theology and sectarian beliefs of the community.
Dead Sea Scrolls
The Dead Sea Scrolls are a collection of manuscripts found within caves near the shore of the Dead Sea in the 1940s and 1950s. They offer insights into the diverse theologies of Judaism that were popular during the Second Temple period and date between 400 BCE and 300 CE. Of the manuscripts found, about 40% are copies of canonical texts found in the Hebrew Bible. Another 30% were known documents not officially canonized. The remainder of the scrolls shed light on the religious and sectarian beliefs of the community. Read articles about the Dead Sea Scrolls below.
The Book of Enoch is a non-canonical Jewish work attributed to Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah. The book is thought to date to about 300 BC and includes a detailed account of the fall of the angels in its section, the Book of the Watchers.
The War Scroll (1QM), found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, provides a vivid, detailed description of the escalating battle between good and evil.
The Community Rule (1QS) of the Dead Sea Scrolls argues that God predestines mankind to fall into one of two categories: the “righteous” and the “wicked.”