List of Judeo-Christian Demon Names

The extensive classification of Christian demonology we now have started with Jewish folklore about the fall of the angels along with demons like Satan, Belial, Asmodai, and Samael. In Judeo-Christian traditions between the second century BCE to the second century CE, the apocalyptic traditions we know from the Book of Enoch, Baruch, and Ezra began and developed. (Enoch may possibly be dated slightly earlier with its discovery among the Qumran library.)

There was also a huge amount of literature circulating which we now call the New Testament apocrypha as well as Gnostic writings such as those found in the Nag Hammadi Library. Many of these demons come from those non-canonical scriptures. (See How Do We Know About Traditions Outside the Bible.) This section explores the various names for the Christian devil and others in the hierarchy of hell. Visit the Demon FAQ for more info on my philosophy behind the classifications.

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Adramelech

Adramelech - Dictionnaire Infernal

According to Collin de Plancy’s Dictionnaire Infernal, Adramelech is a high chancellor of hell, president of the high council of devils, and the superintendent of the king of demons’ wardrobe. He can take the shape of a mule or peacock, and in ancient times, the people of the Assyrian city, Sepharvaim, sacrificed children to him. Adramelech in the Old Testament The name … [Read more...]

Abaddon

The Abyss of Hell - Sandro Botticelli

In Judeo-Christian traditions, Abaddon is known both as a “place of destruction” and a personified entity of destruction, though in most writings, it is primarily the former. Abaddon in the Old Testament The name Abaddon is derived from its Hebrew root, meaning ‘to destroy.’ It is used six times throughout the Wisdom literature in the Old Testament. Proverbs 15:11, 27:20 … [Read more...]

Seraphim

Seraphim

When most people think of Seraphim, they think of angels, but earliest usages of the term refer to serpent demons. The concept of the serpent as a demon was well known to the Egyptians, Babylonians and Assyrians. In Persian mythology, the serpent Dahaka was the incarnation of the evil spirit Angra Mainyu. The word Seraphim comes from the plural of the Hebrew word 'saraph' … [Read more...]

Succubus

A Study in Curves - William Merritt Chase

Succubi are the female version of incubi, although the word is actually masculine in medieval Latin because demons were supposedly sexless. The feminine form is "succuba". It was supposed that incubi outnumbered succubi by 9 to 1. Francis Barret described succubi as wood nymphs in his book "The Magus" "And seeing the fauni and nymphs of the words were preferred before … [Read more...]

Xaphan

Xaphan

Xaphan was one of the fallen angels who rebelled with Satan. He is now a demon of the 2nd rank. He has a reputation for an inventive mind and came up with the idea to set fire to Heaven before he and the others were thrown out. Dictionnaire Infernal - Collin de Plancy (1863) (paraphrased) Xaphan is a demon of the second order with an inventive spirit and a bellows as an … [Read more...]