List of Judeo-Christian Demon Names

The extensive classification of Christian demonology we now have started with Jewish folklore about the fall of the angels along with demons like Satan, Belial, Asmodai, and Samael. In Judeo-Christian traditions between the second century BCE to the second century CE, the apocalyptic traditions we know from the Book of Enoch, Baruch, and Ezra began and developed. (Enoch may possibly be dated slightly earlier with its discovery among the Qumran library.)

There was also a huge amount of literature circulating which we now call the New Testament apocrypha as well as Gnostic writings such as those found in the Nag Hammadi Library. Many of these demons come from those non-canonical scriptures. (See How Do We Know About Traditions Outside the Bible.) This section explores the various names for the Christian devil and others in the hierarchy of hell. Visit the Demon FAQ for more info on my philosophy behind the classifications.

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Adramelech

Adramelech - Dictionnaire Infernal

According to Collin de Plancy, Adramelech is a high chancellor of hell who tends to Satan’s wardrobe. He was also the god in 2 Kings 19:36-38 to whom the Sepharvites worshiped through human sacrifice.

Abaddon

The Abyss of Hell - Sandro Botticelli

Abaddon, the “place of destruction” is synonymous with Sheol in Proverbs and Job. In later writings, such as the Book of Revelation, Abaddon is personified as the king of the abyss who can command an army of locusts to torment men who aren’t marked with the seal of God.

Seraphim

Seraphim

When most people think of Seraphim, they think of angels, but earliest usages of the term refer to serpent demons.

Succubus

A Study in Curves - William Merritt Chase

Succubi are the female version of incubi, female demons who take the form of human women to seduce men.

Xaphan

Xaphan

Xaphan was one of the fallen angels who rebelled with Satan.