Descriptions of incubi, their physical nature, and various lore.
List of Judeo-Christian Demon Names
New Demonology Course: Demonology 101: Gods, Angels & Demons in the Ancient Near East and the Hebrew Bible
This course compares the gods and goddesses, angels, monsters and demons in the Hebrew Bible with those of their ancient Near Eastern neighbors. If you are interested in ancient Near Eastern mythology and its influence on the Hebrew Bible, sign up today!
The extensive classification of Christian demonology we now have started with Jewish folklore about the fall of the angels along with demons like Satan, Belial, Asmodai, and Samael. In Judeo-Christian traditions between the second century BCE to the second century CE, the apocalyptic traditions we know from the Book of Enoch, Baruch, and Ezra began and developed. (Enoch may possibly be dated slightly earlier with its discovery among the Qumran library.)
There was also a huge amount of literature circulating which we now call the New Testament apocrypha as well as Gnostic writings such as those found in the Nag Hammadi Library. Many of these demons come from those non-canonical scriptures. (See How Do We Know About Traditions Outside the Bible.) This section explores the various names for the Christian devil and others in the hierarchy of hell. Visit the Demon FAQ for more info on my philosophy behind the classifications.
Lamia (lamiai) were harmful spirits who killed infants and seduced sleeping men.
Leviathan was a large whale-like sea creature mentioned in the Bible.
Lilith is the first wife of Adam in Jewish mythology before Eve.
Lix Tetrax is the demon of the wind in the Testament of Solomon.
Lucifer was once one of the Seraphim who rebelled against God and was cast out of heaven.
Mammon is the demon of avarice. Milton says he taught men to rend the breast of the earth to wrest away her treasures.
Mastema is another name for Satan in the Book of Jubilees and other non-biblical texts.
Melchiresa is the one of the names for a predominant evil being in several of the fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls.