Asmodeus, also known as Ashmadia, most likely originated from the Persian Aeshma-deva (“demon of wrath”).
Modern Magick: List of Demons of the Goetia
The demons of modern magick began with demonology classifications by Johann Wier in the mid-1500s, with Collin de Plancy’s illustrated Dictionnaire Infernal in 1863, and with a 17th century grimoire called the Goetia. Golden Dawn member, SL MacGregor Mathers, translated and compiled the list of Goetic demons in 1904. Below are four key books on demons and demonology from the late 16th century to 20th century.
Pseudomonarchia daemonum (1583) -Reginald Scot's translation of Johann Wier's text
Dictionnaire Infernal (1863) - Collin de Plancy's book of demons & illustrations
Abramelin The Mage (1898) - 15th century Hebrew work offering a hierarchy of demons
Goetic Demons (1904) - Mather's translation of the Lesser Key of Solomon the King
Astaroth, the 29th spirit, is a duke who appears as angel riding a dragon and holding a viper in his left hand.
Bael, the first spirit, is a king who appears in various shapes – such as a cat, toad, man or all these forms at once.
Balan, the 51st spirit, appears with a serpent’s tail, eyes that shoot fire, and three heads: a bull, a man, and a ram.
Barbatos, the 8th spirit, is a Duke and appears as a horned archer or hunter in the woods with four kings sounding horns before him.
Bathin, the 18th spirit is a Duke who appears like a man with the tail of a serpent sitting upon a pale-coloured Horse.
Beleth, the 30th spirit, is a mighty King who rides a pale horse with trumpets playing before him.
Berith, the 28th spirit, is a Duke who appears as a soldier with red clothing.
Bifrons, the 46th spirit, is an Earl who appears as a monster or a man.