The first chapters of Genesis contain two creation stories: one that details the creation of the cosmos and one that describes the creation and initial sin of man. This article explores the differences between the two creation stories and compares them to the Babylonian Enuma Elish.
Browse articles related to biblical studies including Christian Origins, the Historical Jesus, the Dead Sea Scrolls, Gnosticism and early Christian Heresies.
The Testament of Job, written sometime between 100 BC-100 AD, shows how Satan’s role and character evolved from a servant of God to the spirit of idolatry and vengeance.
On frivolous Italian lawsuits and the importance of proving that Jesus existed as a historical person.
When scholars talk about the “Historical Jesus,” they are looking to separate myth from reality. Who was Jesus as a person? We have no first-hand primary sources like his diaries. All we have are documents written by believers – and sometimes, non-believers – that were written after his death. This article attempts to explain what we know – and can know – about Jesus the man.
When we look back over the course of history, there are many groups that claim to have held the correct view of Christianity.
We know by piecing all the manuscripts and archaeological finds from the last 3000-5000 years together into a big picture. Here’s what’s involved.
Should we use apocryphal books like the Book of Enoch as reference when we look at biblical history?
Our sources for gnostic beliefs and why we don’t know many things about gnosticism.
Early legends about how Satan deceived Adam and Eve a second time – and his contract with Adam.
The Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered between 1947-1956, are a collection of scrolls found within several caves along the shore of the Dead Sea.
The Book of Enoch is a non-canonical Jewish work attributed to Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah. The book is thought to date to about 300 BC and includes a detailed account of the fall of the angels in its section, the Book of the Watchers.
An overview of the 4 main sects of Judaism as described by Josephus.