Abaddon, the “place of destruction” is synonymous with Sheol in Proverbs and Job. In later writings, Abaddon is personified as the king of the abyss who can command an army of locusts to torment men.
In the afterlife, Hell is a place of endless torture and suffering in many religious belief systems. Wrongdoers are punished for their crimes in this lifetime either through great loss, fiery torture, or are tormented by demons. Hell is often ruled by a death god like Satan, The Devil, Hades or Hell. Read articles about hell below.
A few years ago, I was fortunate enough to tour Actun Tunichil Muknal, a Mayan cave discovered in 1989 in Cayo, Belize. Our tour guide likened the venture into the cave as the hero twins’ journey into Xibalba as recounted in the Popul Voh.
In Aztec mythology, Mictlantecuhtli was the skeletal god of death who ruled over Mictlan, the underworld, with his wife, Mictlancihuatl.
The Teachings of Silvanus was discovered among Nag Hammadi Library. The texts contain 2 descent myths that build upon previous concepts established earlier.
The Odes of Solomon is a collection of hymns written around the time of the Gospel of John. It is the earliest text to mention Christ’s Descent into Hell.
The idea of Christ’s descent into hell is a predominant teaching in modern church theology. However, few references are found within the New Testament.
Hun Came and Vucub Came (One Death and Seven Death) are the principle death gods of the Mayan underworld.
Hecate, also called Agriope (“savage face”), was the daughter of the Titan Perses and of Asteria.