Belial (or Beliaal) is Hebrew for “without value.” He is known as Beliar in Greek.
Dead Sea Scrolls
The Dead Sea Scrolls are a collection of scrolls found in the mid-1900s that include a diverse range of writings on Second Temple Judaism and various canonical and non-canonical biblical texts. Read articles about the Dead Sea Scrolls below.
Boccaccini traces the lineage of Jewish texts and looks for where the Qumran community fits in with Jewish literature.
The Book of Enoch is a non-canonical Jewish work attributed to Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah. The book is thought to date to about 300 BC and includes a detailed account of the fall of the angels in its section, the Book of the Watchers.
The Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered between 1947-1956, are a collection of scrolls found within several caves along the shore of the Dead Sea.
Melchiresa is the one of the names for a predominant evil being in several of the fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls.
The Community Rule (1QS) of the Dead Sea Scrolls says God predestines mankind to one of two categories: the “righteous” and the “wicked.”
The War Scroll (1QM), found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, provides a vivid, detailed description of the escalating battle between good and evil.
Using the Qumran Essene hypothesis as grounds, VanderKam sketches a portrait of the group’s history and beliefs.