What are the Dead Sea Scrolls? The Dead Sea Scrolls are a collection of over 800 manuscripts found in 11 caves that date from 250BC to 68 AD. They are an extremely important find because until their discovery, we had no Aramaic manuscripts from pre-medieval Judaism and only one Hebrew one, the Nash papyrus from Egypt. Additionally, all modern printed editions of the … [Read more...] about Dead Sea Scrolls & Qumran FAQ
Dead Sea Scrolls
The Dead Sea Scrolls are a collection of scrolls found in the mid-1900s that include a diverse range of writings on Second Temple Judaism and various canonical and non-canonical biblical texts. Read articles about the Dead Sea Scrolls below.
Melchiresa is the one of the names for a predominant evil being in several of the fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Testament of Amram (4QAmram), which dates to the second century BCE, tells of two spirits who rule over humanity struggling to take possession over Amram at his death. Fragments of the text mention the three names of the ruler of darkness, which have been … [Read more...] about Melchiresa
Contents Background of the Book of Enoch Findings at Qumran The Astronomical Book The Book of the Watchers Sin of the Angels Cause of Sin Entering the World Enoch as Intermediary Angels' Punishment Background of the Book of Enoch The Book of Enoch, ascribed to Enoch, is a non-canonical text used by various Jewish sects including the Dead Sea Scrolls community … [Read more...] about Book of Enoch
The War Scroll (1QM), found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, provides a vivid, detailed description of the escalating battle between good and evil, which will eventually climax with good overcoming evil. Such language is rarely found in the Hebrew Bible - with the possible exception being Daniel 10:20-21's description of the struggle between Michael and Gabriel against the princes … [Read more...] about Cosmic Dualism: The Great Battle Between Michael and Belial in The War Scroll
The Community Rule (1QS) is an ethical treatise intended for the Dead Sea Scrolls sect's teachers that offers instruction on the rules the community should follow such as liturgical ceremonies, organization and discipline structures, a penal code, and an outline of religious duties of the Master and his disciples. Scholars date the text's origin to around 100BCE, making it one … [Read more...] about Ethical Dualism: Predestination of the Righteous and Wicked in The Community Rule