The Problem of Evil in Christian theology involves addresses what appears to be a logical contradiction. If God is an omnipotent, all-knowing, morally perfect being, why does he allow evil to exist in the world? Presumably, He could prevent evil from existing if He wanted to, so why does He allow bad things to happen?
Evil is generally defined as the opposite of good and is commonly associated with harmful events (such as destructive acts of nature) or conscious wrongdoing (via individual or group behavior). Read articles about evil below.
What is evil? Every culture has grappled with defining the term – creating a complex mythology of demons, tricksters and evil spirits in the process. Should evil be used solely for individual or group actions that intentionally cause harm? Or should it also include natural evils like cancer, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions that cause mass destruction. Does evil exist as a fundamental part of the human psyche or is it enforced by supernatural beings like Satan, demons, etc?
The Testament of Job, written sometime between 100 BC-100 AD, shows how Satan’s role and character evolved from a servant of God to the spirit of idolatry and vengeance.
Is reason the root of all evil? That’s the core theme romantic era poet and artist, William Blake, tackles in his alternative-to-Genesis creation story, The Book of Urizen.
Why does an all-powerful, all-knowing God allow bad things to happen to good people? It’s a key problem philosophers and theologians have struggled with for millennia.